Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan Province, which is known as the "Heavenly State" (Tian Fu Zhi Guo). The city is famed for its cuisine, defined by the spicy Sichuan peppercorn, which flavours hot-pot dishes and other regional specialties. Being the natural habitat of cute giant pandas, it is located in the west of Sichuan Basin and in the centre of Chengdu Plain. It covers a total area of 12.3 thousand square kilometres with a population of over 11 million.
Benefiting from Dujiangyan Irrigation Project which was constructed in 256 B.C., Sichuan Province is reputed as "Tian Fu Zhi Guo", literally a place richly endowed with natural resources. Chengdu, as the capital, is extremely productive. The Min and Tuo Rivers, two branches of the Yangtze River, connected to forty other rivers, supply an irrigation area of more than 700 square kilometres (270.27 square miles) with 150-180 million kilowatts of water. Consisting of abundant mineral resources, the land is extremely fertile.